The United Republic of Tanzania, President's Office Regional Administration and Local Goverment, Mbeya Region

Population

According to 2012 census, the total population of Mbeya Region was 2,707,410 of which 1,409,672 were women (52.1%) and 1,297,738 were men (47.9%) while population growth rate of 2.7%.

Ethnic Groups
The ethnic groups in Mbeya region are Nyakyusa in Kyela and Rungwe Districts, Safwa and Malila in Mbeya District, Nyiha and Nyamwanga in Mbozi District, Ndali in Ileje District, Bungu and Kimbu in Chunya and Sangu in Mbarali District.

Population Size and Growth
Like most Regions on Tanzania mainland, the population of Mbeya Region has experienced a significant growth. Table 1.6 shows that the Region had 2,063,328 people in 2002 compared to 1,476,278 inhabitants counted in the 1988 Population Census, resulting in a significant increase of 587,050 people (39.8 percent) during the intercensal period.

The Region represented 6.1 percent of the total population of Tanzania mainland which was 33,461,849 in 2002. The projections for 2007 put the Regional population at 1,258,545 out of which, females accounted for 51 percent of the population (see Table 1.10).

Distribution by Age and Sex
The 1978 population census results showed that females were more than males in Mbeya Region. For every 100 females there were 91 males. This female dominance was reflected in all districts without exception. Chunya district and Mbeya city had the highest sex ratio of 98.8 and 98.4 respectively. The situation was almost the same in 1988 census, when females were still more than males such that for every 100 females there were 92 males. In the past, females were more than males so that, for every 100 females there were 92 males in 2002.

Unlike in 1978, Chunya district had more males than females in 1988 and 2002, of which remains to be with the highest sex ratio of 100.2 and 100.8 respectively, followed by Mbeya (91.6) in 1988 and Mbarali (96.4) in 2002.

Furthermore, the 2002 population of Mbeya Region as depicted by its pyramid above, is considered to be a young population, made up of children under 18 years who were 1,038,536 (515,485 males and 523,051 females) or 50.3 percent of the total population, followed by the young persons aged between 18 – 29 years estimated to be 451,708 (201,079 males and 250,629 females) or 21.9 percent of total population. Persons aged 60 years and above were 120,881 (56,013 males and 64,868 females) or 5.9 percent of the total population. Table 1.18 shows the 2002 population of Mbeya Region distributed by broad age groups and sex.

Compared to other Regions on the Mainland, Mbeya Region is the 4th least populous Region followed by Manyara, Pwani and Lindi at the bottom.

 

DISTRICT

AREA

(KM2)

ADMINISTRATION

POPULATION

HOUSEHOLDS

Division

Ward

Village

Male

Female

Total

Number

Average Household size

CHUNYA

29,219

4

30

73

145,420

145,058

290,478

59281

4.9

ILEJE

 1,908

2

18

71

58,463

65,988

124,451

31113

4.0

KYELA

 1,322

2

20

97

106,012

115,478

221,490

54022

4.1

MBARALI

16,632

2

20

99

145,867

154,650

300,517

69888

4.3

MBEYA DC

 2,432

3

25

143

143,779

161,540

305,319

74468

4.1

MBEYA CC

214

2

36

-

182,620

202,659

385,279

91733

4.2

MBOZI

 3,592

4

18

109

213,217

233,122

446,339

103800

4.3

MOMBA

6,087

4

14

75

141,111

153,269

294,380

68460

4.3

RUNGWE

 2,211

4

37

162

161,249

177,908

339,157

82721

4.1

TOTAL

63,617

27

218

800

1,212,418

1,289,840

2,502.258

635,486

4.2

Source: Mbeya Regional Secretariat, 2013